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Title Improving adult literacy instruction : options for practice and research / Committee on Learning Sciences: Foundations and Applications to Adolescent and Adult Literacy, Alan M. Lesgold and Melissa Welch-Ross, Editors, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council of the National Academies.
Corp Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Learning Sciences: Foundations and Applications to Adolescent and Adult Literacy.
Publication Washington, D.C. : The National Academies Press, [2012]
Description xv, 417 pages ; 23 cm
Call # 302.2244 N
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 263-383).
Contents 1. Introduction -- Literacy in the United States -- Study charge, scope, and approach -- Conceptual framework and approach to the review of evidence -- Study scope -- Organization of the report -- 2. Foundations of reading and writing -- Social, cultural, and neurocognitive mechanisms of literacy development -- Types of text -- Literacy tools -- Literacy activities -- Teacher knowledge, skills, and beliefs -- Neurocognitive mechanisms -- Reading -- Decoding -- Vocabulary -- Fluency -- Reading comprehension -- Writing -- Components and processes of writing -- Writing instruction -- Neurobiology of reading and writing development and difficulties -- Neurobiology of reading -- Neurobiology of writing -- Implications for instruction -- Instruction for struggling readers and writers -- Decontextualized interventions -- Principles of instruction for struggling leaners -- Reading and writing across the life span -- Summary and discussion -- 3. Literacy instruction for adults -- Contexts for literacy learning -- Adult education programs -- Literacy instruction in adult education programs -- Developmental education courses in colleges -- Instructional practices and outcomes : State of the research -- Assumptions and sources of evidence -- Orientation to the findings -- Adults in basic and secondary education programs -- Topics for future study from adult literacy research -- Collaborative learning -- Contextualized instruction -- Instructional materials -- Writing instruction -- Funds of knowledge and authentic learning experiences -- Social, psychological, and functional outcomes -- Underprepared postsecondary students -- Summary and directions for research -- 4. Principles of learning for instructional design -- The development of expertise -- Supporting attention, retention, and transfer -- Present material in a clear and organized format -- Use multiple and varied examples -- Present material in multiple modalities and formats -- Teach in the zone of proximal development -- Space presentations of new material -- Test on multiple occasions, preferably with spacing -- Ground concepts in perceptual-motor experiences.
Supporting generation of content and reasoning -- Encourage the learner to generate content -- Encourage the generation of explanations, substantive questions, and the resolution of contradictions -- Encourage the learner to construct ideas from multiple points of view and different perspectives -- Complex strategies, critical thinking, inquiry, and self-regulated learning -- Structure instruction to develop effective use of complex strategies -- Combine complex strategy instruction with learning of content -- Feedback -- Accurate and timely feedback helps learning -- Qualitative feedback is better for learning than test scores and error flagging -- Adaptive and interactive learning environments -- Adaptive learning environments foster understanding in complex domains -- Interactive learning environments facilitate learning -- Learning is facilitated in genuine and coherent learning environments -- Learning is influenced by motivation and emotion -- Summary and directions for research -- 5. Motivation, engagement, and persistence -- The psychology of motivation and learning -- Self-efficacy -- Intrinsic motivation -- Social, contextual, and systemic mediators of persistence -- Formal school structures and persistence -- Cultural and linguistic differences -- Social relationships and interactions -- Potentially negative effects of stereotype -- Social and systemic supports for and barriers to persistence -- Directions for research -- 6. Technology to promote adult literacy -- Classes of technologies for learning -- How technologies affect learning -- Digital tools for practicing skills -- Summary and directions for research -- 7. Learning, reading, and writing disabilities -- Learning disabilities -- Reading disabilities -- Writing disabilities -- Developing brain systems in struggling readers -- Brain structure and function -- Brain plasticity -- Accommodations to support literacy learning -- Reading accommodations -- Writing accommodations -- Summary and directions for research -- 8. Language and literacy development of English language learners -- Component literacy skills of English language learners -- Influences on language and literacy in a second language -- First language knowledge and education level -- English language proficiency -- Age -- Aptitude for a second language -- Reading and learning disabilities -- Cultural knowledge and background -- Approaches to second language literacy instruction -- Integration of explicit instruction and implicit learning of language and literacy -- Development of language and knowledge for learning and reading comprehension -- Access to language and literacy practice outside classrooms -- Leveraging knowledge in the first language, when available -- Integrated multimodal instruction -- Writing -- Affective aspects of learning and instruction -- Assessment -- Summary and directions for research -- 9. Conclusions and recommendations -- Conclusions -- Adult learners and learning environments -- Principles of effective literacy instruction -- English language learners -- Assessment.
Technology -- Adult literacy instruction : state of the evidence -- Recommendations -- Research design -- Priorities for basic and applied research -- Priorities for translational science -- Large-scale data collection and information gathering -- Concluding thoughts : leadership and partnership -- References and Bibliography -- Appendixes -- A. Biographical sketches of committee members and staff -- B. Literacy in a digital age -- Adult literacy practices and proficiencies -- Adults' engagement with information and communication technologies -- Instructional practices and learning environments -- Future research -- References -- C. Interventions to develop the component literacy skills of low-literate adults -- A. Study populations and sample characteristics -- B. Intervention practices, intensity, duration, and attrition rates -- C. Study instruments by measurement construct by study -- References -- D. Search procedures and reviewed studies of adult literacy instruction.
Subject Functional literacy -- United States.
Addl. Author Lesgold, Alan M.
Welch-Ross, Melissa K.
ISBN 0309219590 (pbk.) :
9780309219594 (pbk.) :
9780309219600 (pdf)

Location CALL # Status Message
 Bedford Literacy  302.2244 N    LIB USE ONLY