LEADER 00000cam a2200481 i 4500 
001    on1049248251 
003    OCoLC 
005    20200803124823.0 
008    180906t20192019enk      b    001 0 eng d 
010    2018957358 
020    9780198830139|q(hardcover)|c$34.95 
020    0198830130|q(hardcover) 
035    (OCoLC)1049248251 
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042    lccopycat 
043    a-tu--- 
049    BKLA 
082 04 320.557|223 
099    320.557|aM 
100 1  Malcolm, Noel,|eauthor. 
245 10 Useful enemies :|bIslam and the Ottoman Empire in Western 
       political thought, 1450-1750 /|cNoel Malcolm. 
246 30 Islam and the Ottoman Empire in Western political thought,
       1450-1750 
250    First edition. 
264  1 Oxford ;|aNew York, NY :|bOxford University Press,|c2019. 
264  4 |c©2019 
300    xiv, 487 pages ;|c24 cm 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    unmediated|bn|2rdamedia 
338    volume|bnc|2rdacarrier 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages 423-463) and 
       index. 
505 0  The fall of Constantinople, the Turks, and the humanists -
       - Views of Islam: standard assumptions -- Habsburgs and 
       Ottomans: 'Europe' and the conflict of empires -- 
       Protestantism, Calvinoturcism, and Turcopapalism -- 
       Alliances with the infidel -- The new paradigm -- 
       Machiavelli and reason of state -- Campanella -- Despotism
       I: the origins -- Analyses of Ottoman strength and 
       weakness -- Justifications of warfare, and plans for war 
       and peace -- Islam as a political religion -- Critical and
       radical uses of Islam I: Vanini to Toland -- Critical and 
       radical uses of Islam II: Bayle to Voltaire -- Despotism 
       II: seventeenth-century theories -- Despotism III: 
       Montesquieu. 
520    From the fall of Constantinople in 1453 until the 
       eighteenth century, many Western European writers viewed 
       the Ottoman Empire with almost obsessive interest. 
       Typically they reacted to it with fear and distrust; and 
       such feelings were reinforced by the deep hostility of 
       Western Christendom towards Islam. Yet there was also much
       curiosity about the social and political system on which 
       the huge power of the sultans was based. In the sixteenth 
       century, especially, when Ottoman territorial expansion 
       was rapid and Ottoman institutions seemed particularly 
       robust, there was even open admiration. In this path-
       breaking book Noel Malcolm ranges through these vital 
       centuries of East-West interaction, studying all the ways 
       in which thinkers in the West interpreted the Ottoman 
       Empire as a political phenomenon - and Islam as a 
       political religion. Useful Enemies shows how the concept 
       of 'oriental despotism' began as an attempt to turn the 
       tables on a very positive analysis of Ottoman state power,
       and how, as it developed, it interacted with Western 
       debates about monarchy and government. Noel Malcolm also 
       shows how a negative portrayal of Islam as a religion 
       devised for political purposes was assimilated by radical 
       writers, who extended the criticism to all religions, 
       including Christianity itself. Examining the works of many
       famous thinkers (including Machiavelli, Bodin, and 
       Montesquieu) and many less well-known ones, Useful Enemies
       illuminates the long-term development of Western ideas 
       about the Ottomans, and about Islam. Noel Malcolm shows 
       how these ideas became intertwined with internal Western 
       debates about power, religion, society, and war. 
       Discussions of Islam and the Ottoman Empire were thus 
       bound up with mainstream thinking in the West on a wide 
       range of important topics. These Eastern enemies were not 
       just there to be denounced. They were there to be made use
       of, in arguments which contributed significantly to the 
       development of Western political thought. --|cProvided by 
       publisher. 
648  7 1288-1918|2fast 
650  7 Public opinion, European.|2fast|0(OCoLC)fst01354108 
651  0 Turkey|xHistory|yOttoman Empire, 1288-1918. 
651  0 Turkey|xForeign public opinion, European. 
651  7 Turkey.|2fast|0(OCoLC)fst01208963 
655  7 History.|2fast|0(OCoLC)fst01411628 
947    LIS 
948    MARS 
994    C0|bBKL 
Location CALL # Status Message
 Central 2nd Fl - HBR Non-Fic  320.557 M    IN TRANSIT