Includes bibliographical references (pages 569-602) and index.
Introductory. Introduction: theology and history ; Theology in Colonial America ; The long life and final collapse of the Puritan canopy -- Synthesis. Republicanism and religion: the American exception ; Christian republicanism ; Theistic common sense ; Colonial theologies in the era of the Revolution ; Innovative (but not "American") theologies in the era of the Revolution -- Evangelization. The Evangelical surge ; ... and constructing a new nation ; Ideological permutations -- Americanization. Assumptions and assertions of American theology ; The Americanization of Calvinism: contexts and questions ; The Americanization of Calvinism: explosion, 1827-1860 ; The Americanization of Methodism: the age of Asbury ; The Americanization of Methodism: after Asbury -- Crisis. The "Bible alone" and a reformed, literal hermeneutic ; The Bible and slavery ; Failed alternatives ; Climax and exhaustion in the Civil War ; Conclusion: contexts and dogma.