Race after technology : abolitionist tools for the new Jim code / Ruha Benjamin
eBook | Polity | 2019
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"From everyday apps to complex algorithms, Ruha Benjamin cuts through tech-industry hype to understand how emerging technologies can reinforce white supremacy and deepen social inequity. Far from a sinister story of racist programmers scheming on the dark web, Benjamin argues that automation has the potential to hide, speed, and even deepen discrimination, while appearing neutral and even benevolent when compared to racism of a previous era. Presenting the concept of the New Jim Code, she shows how a range of discriminatory designs encode inequity: by explicitly amplifying racial hierarchies, by ignoring but thereby replicating social divisions, or by aiming to fix racial bias but ultimately doing quite the opposite. Moreover, she makes a compelling case for race itself as a kind of tool a technology designed to stratify and sanctify social injustice that is part of the architecture of everyday life. This illuminating guide into the world of biased bots, altruistic algorithms, and their many entanglements provides conceptual tools to decode tech promises with sociologically informed skepticism. In doing so, it challenges us to question not only the technologies we are sold, but also the ones we manufacture ourselves"-- Provided by publisher.
"Cutting through tech-industry hype, this book explores how emerging technologies reinforce white supremacy. Conceptualizing the "New Jim Code," Benjamin shows how discriminatory designs can encode inequity and also makes a case for race itself as a kind of tool designed to stratify and sanctify social injustice"-- Provided by publisher.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Machine generated contents note: Preface Introduction: The New Jim Code 1 Engineered Inequity: Are Robots Racist? 2 Default Discrimination: Is the Glitch Systemic? 3 Coded Exposure: Is Visibility a Trap? 4 Technological Benevolence: Do Fixes Fix Us? 5 Retooling Solidarity, Reimagining Justice Acknowledgments Appendix Notes References.
Intro; Front Matter; Preface; Introduction; Everyday Coding; Move Slower ... ; Tailoring: Targeting; Why Now?; The Anti-Black Box; Race as Technology; Beyond Techno-Determinism; Beyond Biased Bots; Notes; 1 Engineered Inequity; I Tinker, Therefore I Am; Raising Robots; Automating Anti-Blackness; Engineered Inequity; Notes; 2 Default Discrimination; Default Discrimination; Predicting Glitches; Systemic Racism Reloaded; Architecture and Algorithms; Notes; 3 Coded Exposure; Multiply Exposed; Exposing Whiteness; Exposing Difference; Exposing Science; Exposing Privacy; Exposing Citizenship; Notes
4 Technological BenevolenceTechnological Benevolence; Fixing Diversity; Racial Fixes; Fixing Health; Detecting Fixes; Notes; 5 Retooling Solidarity, Reimagining Justice; Selling Empathy; Rethinking Design Thinking; Beyond Code-Switching; Audits and Other Abolitionist Tools; Reimagining Technology; Notes; Acknowledgments; Appendix; References; Index; End User License Agreement
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Print version: Benjamin, Ruha. Race after technology. Medford, MA : Polity, 2019 9781509526390 (DLC) 2018059981
9781509526437 (electronic bk.)
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